Identify the causes and how to overcome diarrhea

Friday, February 1st 2013. | Diseases

How to overcome diarrhea – dmatxi.com. Diarrhea is an increase in the frequency of bowel movements (feces), as well as on water content and volume of the stool. The people with HIV often experience diarrhea. Diarrhea can be a severe problem. Mild cases diarrhea will recover in a few days. However, severe diarrhea can cause dehydration (lack of fluids) or nutrition problems are severe.

The greatest risk of diarrhea is dehydration. Patients with diarrhea can lose five liters of water every day. We also eliminate the mineral (‘electrolyte’) that are essential for normal body function. The main electrolytes are sodium and potassium. Diarrhea patients will feel tired and fatigue.

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Severe dehydration can cause the body into shock and can be deadly. Dehydration is more serious for infants and children than in adults. Anyone with diarrhea should drink plenty of clear liquids such as tea, chicken broth or soda water. This is better than water alone, which does not return a mineral substance. We can also drink a liquid electrolyte that can be bought without a prescription at a pharmacy.

Diarrhea is generally divided into acute and chronic (or persistent) based on its duration. Acute diarrhea starts quickly and lasts no more than 14 days. Most of this type and diarrhea are generally not dangerous. Chronic or persistent diarrhea lasting more than 14 days. These usually have prolonged diarrhea causes and pose different problems so that the handling is different from acute diarrhea.

Various diseases can disrupt the function of the small intestine or large intestine, causing diarrhea. In principle there are two basic mechanisms that play a role in the development of diarrhea, including the increased mobility that accelerates intestinal transit of food or excessive fluid in the gut.

The most common cause of acute diarrhea are:

  • Food poisoning: Bacteria such as clostridium botulinum, E. coli and salmonella gastro in contaminated food can secrete toxins that attack the digestive tract. A few hours after admission, effect the poison will feel.
  • Drugs: some people have diarrhea after taking certain drugs, particularly antibiotics, which can attack and damage the intestinal flora.
  • Food intolerance: like lactose intolerance in people with low lactase enzyme that helps digestion of dairy products. Dairy ingredients are not digested can cause acute diarrhea.

The main causes of chronic diarrhea include:

  • Irritable bowel syndrome: a dangerous irritation of the intestinal
  • Chronic intestinal inflammation (ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease)
  • Chronic intestinal infection by parasites such as Amoeba, Giardia, Clostridium difficile
  • Abuse of laxatives
  • In rare cases, metabolic disorders such as overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), malignant tumors such as pancreatic cancer or colon surgery can cause diarrhea.

In patients with acute diarrhea, the doctor is usually enough to learn the medical history and perform a physical examination for diagnosis. However, if diarrhea lasts longer or accompanied by fever, the doctor may need to consider further investigation such as examination of stool and blood tests.

To find out the cause of chronic diarrhea, further investigation is needed to determine the underlying disease. For example, by performing colonoscopy, contrast x-ray examination (barium), abdominal ultrasound, etc..

The doctor will ask you what we have been eating or drinking, and whether you have been traveling. Examples of impurities can be tested for signs of bacteria or parasites. Your doctor may repeat this test if the first time there was no sign of anything. Perhaps the blood or urine will also be tested.

If this test does not indicate the cause of diarrhea, the doctor may look inside your digestive tract with a special tool. The name of this process depends on where the doctor sees. “Endoscopy” is a generic term for a ‘look inside’. A colonoscopy is a doctor examines the colon (large intestine).

The most important treatment for diarrhea is to ensure adequate intake of fluids and salts (electrolytes). For mild to moderate symptoms, you can use mild medications that can reduce diarrhea.

In severe cases and in children, pregnant women, and parents who could be dangerous if lost fluids, infusion may be needed. When the cause is food poisoning, your doctor may need to give drugs to kill pathogens in the intestinal mucosa and prevent further damage. Antispasmodic drugs may help reduce colicky abdominal pain.

Chronic diarrhea should be treated by treating the underlying disease. Prolonged diarrhea with severe dehydration can cause intestinal bleeding with the consequences of kidney failure. Immediately consult a doctor if you have chronic diarrhea.

Diarrhea is a common problem for people with HIV / AIDS. Diarrhea is usually caused by infection of the digestive system. Stress, some medications and problems digesting milk products can also cause diarrhea.

The most serious result is dehydration. This is more of a problem for children than for adults. If you have diarrhea, you should drink plenty of clear liquids. We can also use a liquid electrolyte. Some simple changes in diet can help diarrhea. So can some medications or acidophilus. Make sure your doctor informed if diarrhea lasts more than a few days.

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