Importance of maintaining health oral and dental care

Importance of maintaining health oral and dental care – Healthy teeth and gums are very important to note. Infection of the oral cavity may occur due to lack of maintenance carried out. Infection in the oral cavity are responsible for the initiation and progression of various inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, peptic ulcers, and appendicitis.

Advances in classification and identification of oral bacteria germs and field of immunology, the more convincing the role of dental infections to systemic diseases such as heart and vascular disease, lung disease, diabetes, stroke, cancer, etc.. Also become increasingly clear that the teeth and oral cavity can be a place of origin for the dissemination of microorganisms that cause disease to other body parts.

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Numerous epidemiological studies suggest that infection of the oral cavity, particularly inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) and tooth supporting tissues (periodontitis) is a risk factor for systemic diseases. The number of bacteria in the oral cavity reaches hundreds of millions in every dental plaque.

Plaque is a kind of slime that is always attached to the tooth surface. Not all oral bacteria would endanger. Most of it is needed as the normal flora of the mouth. The bacteria that cause dental disease potential, and many systemic diseases encountered in the class of anaerobic gram-negative bacteria. Among others, P.Gingivalis, B.Intermedius, and A.Actinomycetemcommitans. These bacteria are dominant in gingivitis and inflammation around the tooth root tip until there is an abscess.

Oral bacteria can spread through the bloodstream, called bacteremia. Research shows the spread of bacteria after treatment of tooth root. And, less than 1 minute after the procedure the oral cavity, bacteria from an infected tooth has reached the heart, lung, and peripheral blood capillary system.

Dental care or normal oral health

In normal oral health conditions, only a small number of facultative bacteria and not harmful to get into the bloodstream. However, in conditions of poor oral hygiene, the number of bacteria on tooth surfaces increased 2-10 fold. So the chances of bacteremia is also greater. Except through bacteremia, a series of immunological reactions triggered by an infection in the oral cavity, is another explanation why the problem tooth can spread to serious diseases.

Teeth and gums is actually not firmly attached, but there is a gap of about 2 mm sac called gums (gingival sulcus). This is the area most susceptible bacterial infections and inflammation, causing periodontal disease. Signs: the gums redden, swell, bleed easily, perhaps accompanied by shakiness teeth.

Some research suggests 17 kinds of systemic diseases that are directly related to periodontal disease, including diabetes, heart disease, cancer and stroke. Several retrospective studies show, patients with heart disease, stroke, diabetes mellitus, mouth hygiene is generally worse than normal patients. From the above description it can be concluded, that the teeth and mouth can be a trigger and exacerbate various systemic diseases.

Maintaining oral health is very important not only to prevent oral disease, but also to maintain good general health. Brush your teeth properly and regularly twice a day can reduce the risk of tooth decay. Brush entire surface of the tooth facing the cheek and tongue. Make sure the entire surface has been rubbed. To gear up the movement of the brush from top to bottom and vice versa for the lower teeth brush movement from the bottom up. Rub gently on the surface of the gums and tongue, toothbrush position approximately 45 degrees in the border area between the teeth and gums so the gums do not hurt.

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