Signs and symptoms of heart attack. In this article dmatxi.com will provide information about heart attack symptoms and early signs of heart attack. Heart attack or myocardial infarction is the death of some heart muscle due to the blood supply of the heart muscle is blocked.
Heart attacks are the end result of atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries that supply the heart and may be preceded by angina or chest pain.
Heart attack or heart disease is usually caused by coronary artery disease arising from atherosclerosis. Complications that can occur is in the first few minutes, the main danger is acute heart failure and cardiac arrest. Within the first few hours and days after a heart attack, the main risk is the development of irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia).
Within a few weeks or months after the attack, the heart’s ability to pump may be too weak, causing a condition called chronic heart failure. Symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath and ankle swelling.
Less common complications include damage to one of the heart valves or inflammation of the membrane that covers the surface of the heart, pericardium, and causes pericarditis. Both can also cause heart failure.
Symptoms of heart attacks usually occur suddenly and include:
- Severe pain and push as angina but worse, in the middle of the chest, radiating up to the neck and teeth, and toward the arms, especially the left arm, sometimes on the elbow.
- Pale skin and cold sweat.
- Shortness of breath.
- Nausea and sometimes vomiting.
- Cannot be calm.
Electrocardiogram (ECG) will show evidence of a heart attack. To confirm the diagnosis, blood samples need to be taken to get the levels of certain enzymes that leak into the blood from the heart muscle damage.
Immediate handling should be done to relieve pain and restore blood supply to the heart muscle to reduce the damage and prevent further complications. This objective can be achieved by treating patients quickly in intensive care units (ICU). You will be given an injection of a powerful pain reliever, to relieve pain.
To reduce damage to the heart in the first six hours after the attack, it may be given medication to dissolve the blood clots that clog coronary arteries. Alternatively, you may undergo coronary angioplasty to open the artery. If blood flow to the damaged heart muscle can be restored within six hours, the chances of a full recovery is greater.
After recovering from the attack, the condition of the coronary arteries and the heart muscle will be assessed. Examination such as ECG and ekokardiografi used to help decide the further handling. If the examination shows you experience irregular heartbeat that settled, you need to use a pacemaker implanted in the chest.
You are also advised to eat a low-fat diet and taking lipid-lowering medications to lower blood cholesterol levels. These provide benefits after a heart attack, even if your cholesterol levels are not increased. If a coronary artery is blocked, you may need a shortcut action (bypass surgery).
You should not be afraid of having a heart attack again. Many hospitals offer cardiac rehabilitation program continued after the patient is discharged from the hospital. That is some information about heart attack symptoms and early signs of heart attack, may be useful.