Smoking has adverse effects on oral health and dental – dmatxi.com. Smoking as well burn the money. Smoking habits were so widely performed in both environments are highly educated and low educated.
Smoking has become a complex problem that involves aspects of psychological and social phenomena. A lot of research done and instead realize that smoking interfere with the body’s health. But to stop this activity extremely difficult.
Dangers of smoking
Smoking especially can cause cardiovascular disease and cancer, both cancers of the lung, esophagus, laryng, and oral cavity. Cancer in the oral cavity usually begins with an irritation of the product that is burned and cigarettes. These irritants cause white lesions that are not sick.
Moreover smoking also can cause abnormalities in the oral cavity such as the tongue, gums, oral mucosa, teeth and palate in the form of stomatitis nikotina and fungal infections.
Cigarette smoke contains components and substances that are harmful to the body. The number of components depending on the type of tobacco, combustion temperature, the length of cigarettes, the porosity of paper wrappers, cigarette flavoring and the presence or absence of filters. While the harmful substances in the form of gases and particles.
Cigarette smoke contains a variety of gases such as N2, O2, CO2, certain particles such as tar, nicotine and others. Particles in cigarette smoke can cause cancer (carcinogens) are ter.
Smoking also affects the health of gums. Tartar is more visible in smokers than nonsmokers. Cigarettes cause tartar becomes more brown and even black. Tartar are not cleaned can cause a variety of complaints such as gingivitis or bleeding gums. Besides the burning cigarette can cause blood circulation to the gums so easily affected by the disease.
Smoking is one of the factors causing Leukoplakia is a white patches or plaque on oral mucosa that can not be deleted. This can be found at the age of 30-70 years that the majority of sufferers are smokers, especially men. According to the study of all cases of leukoplakia 95% were smokers.
Smoking also causes thickening of the mucosa. Constant irritation from the burning tobacco causes thickening of the mucosal tissue of the mouth. Before clinical symptoms appear, irritation from tobacco smoke attacks the mucosal epithelial cells so that its activity increased.
This phenomenon is only visible when cellular activity increases and the epithelium becomes thicker, especially visible on the buccal mucosa (mucosa facing the cheek) and on the floor of the mouth. Oral mucosal changes seen as white patches. White patches may be caused by a thick epithelium saturated with saliva (spit). Experts say that leukoplakia is a pre-malignant lesions in the mouth.
Smoking also affects the health of the tongue. In heavy smokers, smoking causes stimulation in papilafiliformis (tongue protrusion on the top) so that it becomes longer (hypertrophy). Here the results of burning cigarettes easily deposited brownish-black, so the smoker is difficult to feel a sense of bitter, salty, and sweet, because damage to the tip of the tentacle sensory (tastebuds).
Smoking habits greatly affect oral health, especially changes in the mucosa (mucous membrane). Cancer in the mouth begins with changes in the mucosa. These changes do not cause pain (pre-malignant lesions) that can not be considered until the situation becomes more severe. Therefore if there are white patches, as early as possible to come to the dentist.
At first stop smoking requires a very hard struggle. Do not be surprised if there are signs such as irritability, difficulty in controlling feelings, lack of concentration, restlessness, insomnia, cough, decreased pulse rate, and increased appetite. This phase is called the phase of withdrawal. Will disappear after three to four weeks.
Make it a habit to check your teeth every 6 months, although it does not have complaints. And most important is a strong will to eliminate the smoking habit, if necessary, consult with your doctor. Smoking has adverse effects on oral health and dental.