Cause of dysentery
Bacteria that can cause dysentery. Many people have had dysentery. Dysentery is an inflammatory disorder of the intestine, especially in the large intestine resulting in severe diarrhea.
The symptoms of dysentery are usually suffered by people affected include abdominal pain and a lot of watery bowel movements. Dysentery if not promptly treated can be fatal.
Considered only once dysentery is caused by two things namely bacillary dysentery caused by Shigella spp basil and amoebic dysentery caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica.
Now, it is known that there are many causes of dysentery which consists of bacteria, microbes, and also parasites. The Salmonella spp., Campylobacter spp., Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Shigella spp., Pleisomonas shigelloides, E. Enteriinnasive Coli, Aeromonus spp., And Entamoeba histolytica. Shigella spp. is the most common cause of dysentery. Let’s look at some of the bacteria that cause many diarrheal diseases.
Shigella spp. Indeed Shigelloides be found anywhere. However, most cases of dysentery were found in countries with the health of the individual is very bad. So far, there are several types of Shigella are already known based on biochemical and serological reactions namely Sh. Dysentria, Sh. Sonnei, Sh. Bydii, and also Sh. Jlexneri.
Man himself is the source of transmission of the disease is the mode of transmission bacteria that enter the body through the mouth and out of the body the sick through the feces. Transmission can occur in people who eat with dirty hands after defecation. Shigella spp. known as the most common cause of dysentery compared with other causes.
Campylobacter spp. In addition to Shigella spp., Campylobacter spp. also recently cited as the cause of dysentery. In general, the disease is zoonotic although transmission through contaminated water.
Campylobacter infection is primarily occur in childhood where it causes diarrhea is usually more than 7 days even though the symptoms are not too severe and troublesome. It is widely believed that birds are the reservoir of the most potential. In addition, the egg also has a very important role in the transmission of this disease.
Steps that could be a factor for the prevention of dysentery this is pay attention to a healthy lifestyle and clean. You should be careful to pay attention to food hygiene, environmental hygiene, clean hands before eating food, and also maintain the cleanliness of the food itself to minimize the occurrence of dysentery.