How to prevent cough and colds

How to prevent cough and colds – Cough and colds is a disease that most often experienced by people and is easily spread, especially for children. Generally, cough and colds spread through droplets of bacteria or viruses that fly through the air.

Coughing is a reflex defense of the body to remove phlegm, ripple, and foreign matter from the respiratory tract, whereas a colds is a symptom of a watery fluid or thick from the nose called mucus. Influenza is a viral infection that causes fever, runny nose, headache, cough, malaise, and inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes and respiratory tract.

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Causes of cough and colds

Cough and colds is generally caused by a viral infection that can attack the respiratory system such as the nose, throat and sinus tract. Each of the air we breathe contains many viruses. The nose can rely on to capture and stabilize the pathogen. If the respiratory system can not effectively address the pathogen, the pathogen will enter the body and can damage cells, which can cause inflammation and other symptoms of cough and colds.

In general, things that could cause cough and colds is usually accompanied by fever or flu. Disease cough without a colds is usually caused by viral infection. It is therefore not required to take antibiotics. Cough caused by a virus can last about 2 weeks or less.

How to prevent cough and colds :

Wash your hands; Most of the flu virus is spread through direct contact, thus becomes the most important thing for washing hands with soap or antibacterial solution and water. And also avoid rubbing the eyes or nose if you do not wash hands.

Drink plenty of mineral water; Usually if there are signs of cough and colds try to multiply the consumption of mineral water, even better when in a warm drink.

Stop smoking and avoid secondhand smoke; Inhaled cigarette smoke can irritate the throat so that it will aggravate the symptoms.

Bring a tissue while traveling; Keep a tissue that can be used when in a public place or around other people, and keep a distance from people who have symptoms of cough and colds. The first three days are the most contagious time.

Get plenty of rest; Stress and lack of rest can lower your immune system making it easier to catch the disease. Rest enough and try not to sleep deprivation. Because when you sleep, the brain will relax and recharge your body and fight any infection.

Eating certain foods; Green leafy vegetables such as spinach and fruits such as oranges are rich in vitamins can provide nutrients and vitamins that help the body fight infection and boost immunity. Some foods known to be useful to treat a cough like a raw onion is useful eliminate phlegm, turmeric root for dry cough and a cup of grape juice mixed with 1 teaspoon of honey is recommended for treating coughs.

Avoid junk food; Eating junk food can make the body become weak and susceptible to disease. Therefore, avoid these foods, but replace it with vegetables and fruits for better immunity.

Perform aromatherapy; The principle of aromatherapy is to smell different. By inhaling the vapors can effectively dilute the mucus and reducing irritation, and inhalation of essential oils can stimulate the lungs to expel phlegm.

Exercise; Regular exercise can make the body get fresh air and boost the immune system. By having a high immune system will make you avoid the disease cough and colds.

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