Balanced nutrition to prevent malnutrition in elderly – dmatxi.com. Elderly people often suffer malnutrition appears even if they do not look skinny. Increasing age, the higher the risk of suffering from malnutrition. Suffering from certain diseases, declining physiological function, the wrong diet, economic factors, reduced social contact, and consume a lot of medicine is a factor in the occurrence of malnutrition in old age.
When malnutrition is not addressed properly will bring the consequences of energy deficiency, protein and other nutrients that may result in increased health care costs and declining quality of life. This fact can be avoided with the right nutritional intake and adopt healthy lifestyle since early childhood.
Malnutrition in old age is a consequence of various social problems, economic, physical – somatic, and environmental. In patients of advanced age who are sick, malnourished increase complications of disease, healing takes longer and cause treatment costs to swell. Thus, nutrition should be considered as part of the treatment itself in order to handle the disease better and more efficient.
Causes of malnutrition
Malnutrition is a condition in which there was a lack of nutrients essential nutrients, which can be caused by: poor intake of food because of shoddy or poor absorption from the intestine. Excessive use of nutrients by the body’s nutrition. Loss of nutrients through diarrhea abnormal nutrition, bleeding, kidney failure or excessive perspiration.
Nutritional advantage is a condition where there is the advantage of an essential nutrient substances.
Those who have suffered malnutrition risk:
- Infants and toddlers who monstrous appetite
- Adolescents in rapid growth
- Pregnant women and nursing women
- The old
- Patients with chronic diseases in the digestive tract, liver or kidney
- People who undergo long-term diet
- Patients with AIDS
- Application of medication that affects appetite, nutrient absorption or production
- Patients with anorexia nervosa
- Patients with a long fever, hyperthyroidism, burns or cancer.
Mobilization of disturbances (arthritis and stroke), disruption of aerobic capacity, sensory disturbances (smell, taste, and vision), disturbance teeth / chewing ability, chronic diseases (anorexia, metabolic disorders) cause age more susceptible to malnutrition.
Psychological factors like depression and dementia and social factors of economic (financial constraints, lack of knowledge of nutrition, poor cooking facilities and dependence with others) also can cause an older person suffering malnutrition. Malnutrition in relation to interference immunity, inhibit wound healing, reduction in quality of life, increased health facilities usage fees, and increased mortality.
Infants and children is the biggest risk to suffer malnutrition because they require large amounts of calories and nutrients for growth and development. They may develop iron deficiency, folic acid, vitamin C and copper because of inadequate food. Lack of protein intake, calories and other nutritional deficiencies could cause the occurrence of calories as protein (CSS), which is a form of severe malnutrition, which will inhibit the growth and development.
The tendency to bleeding in the newborn (hemoragik disease in newborns), caused by lack of vitamin K, and can be fatal. Along with its growth, need for food, children will grow, because their growth rate increases.
In pregnant women or nursing women, need nutrients to prevent malnutrition increase in infant and herself. Given folic acid during pregnancy to reduce the risk of brain development disorders or spine (spina bifida) in infants. Although the women are wearing birth control pills are more likely to suffer from lack of folic acid, there is no evidence that her baby will suffer from folic acid deficiency.
In older age, the need for more nutrients is low, but the ability to absorb nutrients so have been dropped. Therefore, the greater the risk of malnutrition.