How to deal with bleeding gums due to bacterial colonies. Bleeding gums problem generally occurs when you brush. However, perhaps not everyone knows what the cause of bleeding gums and how to appropriate treatment.
Bleeding gums need to be addressed as soon as possible, before it evolved into something more serious inflammation of the tissues supporting the teeth. Because inflammation of the tissues supporting the teeth lead to things that are less good, such as, teeth or off by itself.
Causes of bleeding gums
Bleeding gums can be caused by many things. The most common cause is the presence of plaque and tartar (calculus) that sticks to the tooth surface. Teeth are coated by a transparent layer called a pellicle slippery. Pellicle is colonized by bacteria called plaque. Furthermore, if not cleaned the plaque can undergo mineralization (hardening) so as to form tartar attached to the tooth surface. Usually found on the neck of tartar teeth.
Tartar is not only attached to the tooth surface that looks (located above the gum line) but can also be attached to the tooth surface is covered by gums. Tartar on the surface of bacterial colonies are usually also present. Colonies of bacteria in plaque and tartar has resulted in damage to tissues supporting the teeth, which starts from the gingiva (the gums that we can see).
This condition is called gingivitis (gum inflammation). Because there is inflammation of the gums to bleed easily when exposed to mechanical trauma, such as a toothbrush or a toothpick. Thus, bleeding gums are early signs of damage to the gums.
If not treated immediately then tartar can continue to grow so that the surface attachment of the gums and teeth become loose in the gums to form a pouch (called a periodontal pocket). This condition is accompanied by bleeding gums and bone supporting the teeth damage. As a result, if not immediately treated teeth to shake and eventually date. This condition is called periodontitis.
How to deal with bleeding gums due to bacterial colonies on the plaque and tartar
Because the cause is bacterial colonies on the plaque and tartar, then the solution of this problem is to do the cleaning of plaque and tartar. Plaque can be cleaned by brushing your teeth regularly and properly. Frequency of brushing teeth at least twice each day, the morning after breakfast and at night before bed.
Brushing direction is from the gums to the teeth. Brushing teeth in the horizontal direction is not justified because it will cause tooth abrasion and gingival recession neck (maxilla gum looked up, the lower jaw gums looked down, so the visible surface of the tooth root).
Tartar can not be cleaned by brushing. So if there are cavities it is necessary to come to the dentist to do scaling (cleaning tartar). The next dentist will see where the damage to the tissues supporting the teeth occur. If only gingivitis, then the act of scaling is usually good enough. But when it happens periodontitis, periodontal treatment may be taken further. Should we come to the dentist every six months to conduct a thorough examination so that problems can be treated early.
In addition tartar and plaque, bleeding gums are also associated with several diseases, including vitamin C and blood disorders. Lack of vitamin C occurs in people who do not eat vegetables or fruit in the long term. Gums vitamin C deficiency in patients with a swollen, purple and bleeding. The state of vitamin C deficiency is called Scurvy. How to handle is to provide vitamin C.
A blood disorder that is usually associated with bleeding gums are leukemia and thrombocytopenia. Leukemia is a malignancy of white blood cells, while thrombocytopenia is a condition in which a decline in the number of platelets in the blood. In patients with leukemia, gums infiltrated by white blood cells malignant. Clinically enlarged gums look. Because the leukemia generally occurs thrombocytopenia patients with the gums bleed easily leukemia as well.
Platelets are one of the elements necessary for blood clotting. If the number drops to below the normal limit of the greater likelihood of bleeding. Thrombocytopenia is a disease that can stand alone or part of another disease, such as dengue fever. So if found bleeding gums accompanied by other symptoms such as body fatigue, fever, weight loss, night sweats and others should soon come to the doctor for further testing.
Bleeding gums treatment carried out in accordance with the cause. So you should consult with your dentist to find out what causes that you experience bleeding gums, so that appropriate treatment can be done in order.