Infectious diseases, also known as infectious diseases in medical terminology is a disease caused by a biological agent (such as viruses, bacteria or parasites), not due to physical factors (such as burns and trauma impact) or chemical (such as poisoning) which can transmitted to others through certain media such as air (TBC, Infulenza etc.), places to eat and drink less clean washing (Hepatitis, Typhoid / Types etc.), Syringes and blood transfusion (HIV Aids, Hepatitis, etc.).
The disease not contagious is illnesses suffered by patients in general be caused congenital / hereditary, birth defects due to processing errors, the impact of drug use or consumption of various foods and beverages, including smoking, stress conditions that lead to psychiatric disorders.
Infectious diseases caused by wildlife:
Hepatitis; Infectious diseases hepatitis. Speed of transmission of hepatitis disease 4 times faster than HIV disease. This hepatitis disease transmission through blood flow, the placenta to the baby and the mother-containing body fluids such as saliva.
People affected by hepatitis, his heart will be broken. His stomach looks larger, vomiting, diarrhea and skin creamy. Liver function that filters out toxins have been destroyed by this virus, resulting in the death of threatening people with hepatitis.
Animal primates (the apes and monkeys) can transmit the hepatitis disease through bites or scratches. Carefully preserve primates, because primates were infected with hepatitis and once he bites you then you are at risk of contracting hepatitis.
Tuberculosis (TB); Symptoms such as shortness of breath, coughing up blood, body emaciated and weak. Infectious diseases is very fast because it is transmitted through the respiratory tract.
Other than humans can become infected and transmit wildlife TB disease through droppings. If an infected animal feces were inhaled by humans, the human opportunities will also infected with tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a chronic disease or chronic running, so that new clinical symptoms if it is severe.
Creatures that have huge potential to infect humans with TB disease are primates, such as orangutans and gibbons.
Rabies; A deadly disease caused by this virus is also known as hydrophobia. Disease affecting the central nervous system can be transmitted to humans through animal bites. Cases of rabies spread animal bites are dogs, cats, monkeys and other animals.
Symptoms are caused when first infected with rabies is an abnormal behavior and is very sensitive (easily angered), paralysis and spasms in the limbs. The patient will die because of difficulty in breathing and swallowing in the period 2-10 days.
Worms; Worms are often considered a mild disease, whereas the leading cause of death of animals reared by humans in adverse conditions is this disease. Stress can increase the number of worm infection in the body. With a very small size that is 0,01-0,1 mm, very facilitate for parasites transmitted to all animals including humans.
Diarrhea, thin body, dehydration, anemia and early symptoms of weakness is caused by worm infections. Convulsions in all limbs, abdominal bloating and hard due to the accumulation of gas (flatulence) is a sign that the poison had spread throughout the body.
Almost all animals that potentially infectious worms, such as primates, ferrets, cats, birds, parrots, cockatoos, and others.
Toxoplasmosis; The infectious diseases is dreaded by women because it causes infertility or miscarriage when pregnant. Babies born with the condition up can also defect was caused by this disease.
Toxoplasmosis diseases spread by animals cats nations, such as jungle cats, tigers or even domestic cats. Transmission to humans through four ways: accidentally swallow food or drink that has been contaminated Toxoplasma, eating foods that contain meat derived from parasites Toxoplasma and perfectly cooked / half-baked. Another transmission of infectious diseases is transmitted through the placenta to the baby in the womb containing the mother. Last transmission is through blood transfusion.
Psitacosis; Although no reports of cases of diseases suffered by humans Psitacosis but the disease is spread by the parrot (parrots and cockatoos) can cause respiratory problems. Can be transmitted through bird droppings and then inhaled by humans.
Clinical symptoms are caused, among other respiratory problems ranging from shortness of breath until the inflammation in the respiratory tract, diarrhea, tremors and weakness in the limbs. Condition will get worse if the person is under stress and a lack of nutritional food.
Salmonellosis; Salmonella bacteria enter the patient’s body through food or drink contaminated these bacteria. Consequences if infected with the bacteria Salmonella is an inflammation of the digestive tract until the destruction of the intestinal wall. As a result, patients will experience diarrhea, nutrients that enter the body can not be absorbed properly, so people will look weak and emaciated. Toxins produced by the bacterium Salmonella to cause brain damage, even the female reproductive organs that are pregnant can have a miscarriage.
Wildlife can transmit salmonella illness include primates, iguanas, snakes, and birds.
Leptospirosis; Diseases caused by similar bacteria attack all kinds of animals including humans. Organs most preferred by the bacteria to thrive are the kidneys and reproductive organs. Transmission of the infectious diseases originated from the wounds open and contaminated with urine or fluid from the reproductive organs. Even the food or beverage can discredited caused infection enters the body.
Symptoms are easily observed when infected with this disease is changed to red urine due to kidney patients experienced bleeding. Also the head would experience tremendous pain, depression, weakness and even pregnant women will also experience a miscarriage. Until now there is no human vaccine for Leptospira, which is available only for animals. Wildlife can transmit this terrible disease are dogs, cats, tigers, rats, raccoons, and squirrels.
Herpes; Skin blistering in the whole body is generated when the initial symptoms of herpes virus infection. This virus can be fatal for the nation’s primate. Humans can be infected from animal bites or scratches that contain the virus. Patients with this disease will become dehydrated due to skin blistering. Be careful if maintaining primates such as monkeys, gibbons, orangutans, and others. It could be that your pet primates were apparently suffering from herpes.
So many infectious diseases that can strike, ranging from the flu, chicken pox, and many more. There is mild and there could even cause death if not treated immediately. Infectious diseases is the most frightening. Respect and care for your health. So be careful with infectious diseases that is around us.