Symptoms and causes of kidney infections
The kidneys have a variety of important functions in the body. These include filter waste products from the blood as it circulates through the capillaries in the kidney, regulating blood pressure, maintaining constant levels of electrolytes (eg, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, and chloride), and contribute the production of red blood cells.
The kidneys are no longer able to carry out the task of washing the blood (metabolic outcome absorb dirt and get it out into the urine) that circulate throughout the body.
Therefore need to be assisted by the hemodialysis machine (dialysis equipment) in order to replace a poorly functioning kidneys role optimally.
Kidney infections is infectious disease that physician is often encountered in daily practice, and is an important cause of end stage renal disease (previously often referred to as kidney failure) that handling should be carried out dialysis (hemodialysis).
Kidney infections is a specific type of urinary tract infection that usually starts from the urethra or bladder and spread to the kidneys. Kidney Infections requires immediate medical attention. If not treated properly, kidney infections can damage your kidneys permanently or spread to the bloodstream and cause life-threatening infections.
Clinical symptoms of kidney infections
Clinical symptoms of kidney infections is a direct consequence of the structure and function due to renal abnormalities. Marked by the release of protein in the urine (proteiuria), red urine mixed with blood (hematuria), renal function decline (marked increase in blood levels of urea, creatinine), and changes in spending salt and the resulting in the foot and leg swelling (edema). In addition, there will be blood flow dam and hypertension.
Clinical symptoms of kidney infections is a collection of symptoms (not isolated), so often referred to as a clinical syndrome consisting of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities (already there are abnormalities in the urine, but there has been no complaint from the patient), nephritic syndrome, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, and chronic glomerulonephritis.
Asymptomatic urinary abnormality syndrome, a protein found in the urine (proteinuria) and red blood cells in urine (hematuria) with no complaints from patients, including not appear edema (swelling of legs and feet). Sometimes not appear hypertension and no renal dysfunction. Therefore, if checked urea creatinine no abnormalities. The patient had no complaints, but has begun to exist in renal impairment. Therefore required periodic examination (general checkup), especially for us who have started over 40 years, to be detected earlier.
While the syndrome, nephritis, in addition found proteinuria (protein in urine) and hematuria (red blood cells in urine), already found hypertension, ankle swelling in the feet (edema) and started to have abnormal renal function (creatinine increased urea).
The next will occur rapidly progressive Glomerulunefritis. In this situation marked by the decline in renal function occurring within a few days or weeks. Found picture of nephrotic syndrome can be seen from the exit of the protein through the urine in considerable numbers (3.5 g/liter/1 can be larger, 73 m2/hari). In the leg began to swell (edema), abdominal bulging (due to accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity), decreased blood levels of the protein albumin (hypoalbuminemia), and elevated levels of blood cholesterol.
Furthermore, we will enter the final stage of chronic renal insufficiency in the form of glomerulonephritis characterized by spending a protein in the urine is settled, may be accompanied or without discharge of red blood cells in urine (hematuria), there is a slowly progressive decline in renal function (as seen in the levels of urea and creatinine increasing the blood).
Signs and symptoms of kidney infections include:
- Back pain, hip or groin
- Pain in stomach
- Frequent urination
- Burning sensation or pain when urinating
- Pus or blood in the urine (hematuria)
Causes of kidney infections
Kidney infections typically occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and multiply themselves. Bacterial infection of any body part can be spread through veins to the kidneys. Kidney infections is a common occurrence in this way, but may occur in some circumstances. Like, when other body parts such as joints or heart valve infections. Kidney infections can also occur after kidney surgery, although rare [various source].