Characteristics of HIV AIDS in adults and children

Characteristics of HIV AIDS in adults and children. AIDS is caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). If you are infected with HIV, your body will try to fight the infection. The body will make antibodies, special molecules to fight HIV. AIDS is a disease caused by a decrease in immune system to the lowest level due to HIV infection.

The HIV virus that enters the body will attack and destroy certain white blood cells (CD4). As we know in the body, white blood cells function as the immune system against various diseases. For those who are infected with the HIV virus, their immune systems become corrupt. Thus, gradually, the defense system is weakened. Automatically, his CD4 cell count decreases. If this condition persists down to the lowest level, it is in a stage of AIDS.

Characteristics of HIV AIDS, cause of HIV AIDS, prevent HIV AIDS
Characteristics of HIV AIDS

A blood test for HIV antibodies function to find them. If you have antibodies in your body, it means you have been infected with HIV. People who have the HIV antibodies are called PLWHA. It must be remembered that people with HIV usually do not show signs for at least several months to several years.

Characteristics of HIV disease is so difficult to recognize in the early stages because symptoms of HIV are vague, thus many are ignoring this disease, but if left alone so HIV will turn into AIDS with all the dangerous complications due to weakening of the immune system.

Perhaps you have heard what has been said by people about the characteristics or symptoms of HIV / AIDS such as frequent ulcers in the mouth, frequent diarrhea, thin bodies, and so forth. Now you will know whether or not what they say it is.

For people who are worried about whether he was infected with HIV / AIDS, it must be confirmed by laboratory tests, but before you go to do the test, there are characteristics and symptoms of HIV / AIDS that you can observe, but this is only a conjecture. Because a definitive diagnosis must be by laboratory examination.

The characteristics and symptoms of HIV AIDS

Recurrent fever

Fever is first response of the body against any infection or invasion of foreign objects. If a person is infected with HIV, at an early stage appear later fever accompanied by flu-like symptoms during the first four weeks. This condition is called acute retroviral syndrome or ARS or primary HIV infection.

It is the body’s natural response to HIV into early HIV symptoms. High body temperature can vary. Usually the fever will be accompanied by fatigue, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes and nausea tendencies. While the fever persists, the virus moves away into the bloodstream and starts to replicate (multiply), disrupt the function of the immune system that cause an inflammatory reaction.

Skin rash

When a rash or redness that occurs without an allergic reaction or overdose, then be wary lest this is one of the characteristics of HIV-AIDS. This rash can occur at an early stage or advanced stage disease when the immune system becomes weak. The rash can appear in the form of red, brown, pink or purplish blotches. When the rash continues to survive despite being treated, consider an HIV diagnosis.

Swollen lymph nodes

Did you know that the lymph nodes are part of the immune system so that this organ is often influenced when inflammation or infection of the body, including in HIV-AIDS. Fever accompanied by swollen lymph nodes was an indication of any other health problems. But if the swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, groin, or underarm never recovered then you must also be aware of HIV AIDS.

Chronic fatigue

Bodies continue to experience fatigue and unexplained indicates a problem with the body, one of which is a symptom of HIV AIDS. Because HIV infection weakens the immune system, which means also weaken stamina.

Headache extreme / Pain in the muscles and joints

Swollen lymph nodes along with muscle pain and joint pain are symptoms and characteristics of HIV. Headache with fever and joint pain can be a symptom of some other health conditions, but also more common in HIV infection.


Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week is a problem that needs attention. Unremitting diarrhea that does not stop even after being given treatment can be a symptom of the possibility of HIV infection.

Weight loss

Rapid weight loss together with diarrhea may mean that the virus had been completely disrupt the body’s defense system. Lost 10 percent of body weight along with diarrhea and nausea is a combination that fits.


Cough, fever, weight loss, and shortness of breath are signs of pneumonia may be indicative of infection. Remember pneumonia is a very common occurrence for people affected by HIV.

Night sweats

Many people affected by HIV AIDS infection often experience symptoms of sweating at night even though at that time the air is not hot and is not doing physical activity.

Fungal infections

When the immune system weakens, the body vulnerable to infection, especially fungal infections. In principle, all parts of the body can be affected, if the fungus on the nail, the nail will be yellow, discolored, thickened and brittle. It is a sign of a secondary infection after infection with HIV. Similarly, ulcers in the mouth due to a fungal infection may be the same indication.

Characteristics of HIV AIDS in adults are:

  • Lost 10% of body weight over a month without a cause.
  • Diarrhea for more than one month.
  • A fever that lasts for more than one month either constant or come and go

Minor signs of AIDS in adults are:

  • Dry cough that does not heal.
  • Itchy skin all over the body.
  • Herpes zoster (like chicken pox, or caused by viruses that also cause chicken pox, herpes virus) that does not go away.
  • Candidiasis, white spots, raised rash on the mouth, tongue, or throat.
  • Swollen glands (in the neck, armpit, or groin) with or without active infection.

Adults can be diagnosed with AIDS, if it has at least 2 major signs and one minor sign. But, it was enough to make a diagnosis of AIDS if a person suffering from skin cancer (called Karposi, usually reddish, purple, or black spots on the skin that can become large and painful) or cryptococcal meningitis (infection of the brain that causes fever, stiff neck, headache, confusion, and an inability to get up).

Characteristics of HIV AIDS In children are:

  • Weight loss or slow growth.
  • Severe diarrhea for 14 days or more.
  • Fever for more than a month.

Minor signs of AIDS in children are:

  • Itchy skin all over the body.
  • Swollen glands (in the neck, armpit, or groin).
  • Candidiasis (white spots) in the mouth, tongue, or throat.
  • Infections of the ear, throat, and other infections.
  • Cough that does not heal.

HIV can not be transmitted through the air. The virus is also quickly die if it is outside the body. The virus can be killed if the body fluid containing it cleaned with bleach or with soap and water. HIV can not be absorbed by the skin not wound.

When a person is HIV positive or infected with HIV but not immediately overcome with antiviral medicine (HIV medicine), then a few years later, the immune system becomes weaker, could no longer ward off illnesses, such as various types of infections, or cancer. At this stage comes the symptoms weakening the immune system so that we refer to as AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

Get used to having a toothbrush and razor personally, because in addition to personal hygiene, if there is blood, there will be risk of infection with other viruses that transported blood flow such as hepatitis (not just HIV AIDS). You have to recognize the characteristics of HIV AIDS so you can quickly handle.

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