Signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by high levels of sugar in the blood is called hyperglycemia. Lack of insulin in the human body cause this disease. According to experts, there are three types of diabetes are classified based on the nature, diabetes insulin-dependent, diabetes who are not dependent on insulin (for people with thin or fat), and diabetes were associated with nutritional deficiencies.
In addition, there is also a diabetes mellitus-related symptoms in certain organs such as the pancreas, hormonal, chemical substances, abnormalities in insulin, and can also be caused by genetics. Perhaps many people are wondering, what is diabetes mellitus, what can cause diabetes, why diabetes occurs, what can cause diabetes mellitus? In general, diabetes mellitus is caused by a malfunction occurs in part or in large numbers in the pancreas organ that should produce insulin substances, so there was the so-called insulin deficiency. Moreover, it can also occur due to interference with the function of the time of glucose entry into human cells caused by obesity or overweight.
Types of diabetes mellitus
Types of diabetes are caused by lack of insulin is called diabetes mellitus type 1, while type 2 diabetes from or referred to as diabetes due to malfunction of the insulin. Insulin itself is a hormone produced in the pancreas, which shaped gland at the back of the hull. Insulin has the function to regulate glucose in the body to turn into energy and keep the rest in the liver and muscles.
There are several signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus can you recognize as common symptoms that occur in people with diabetes mellitus are patient will always feel thirsty so much to drink, then patients also become frequent urination, and lastly there is a drastic weight loss. Maybe at first the patient experienced weight gain caused by high levels of sugar in the body. So, be wary if you always feel thirsty and always feel hungry.
Signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus
In type 2 diabetes, blood sugar control can be done through changes in lifestyle and diet. According to various studies, these changes proved effective to reduce the risk of diabetes. Therefore, it is very important for you to realize when diabetes already exists within you.
A person is said to suffer from diabetes when blood sugar levels above 200 mg / dl. However, the most visible symptoms of new onset diabetes if your blood sugar is above 270 mg / dl. Do not rely on symptoms to determine the presence of diabetes. The only accurate way to find out is to test blood and urine.
Signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus are the other neurological disorders in the legs in the form of frequent tingling at night, decreased eyesight, feeling itchy genitals, wounds difficult to heal. To be precise in the handling, it helps you get an intensive treatment if complications do not want to happen in your body. For that required discipline to always test your blood sugar levels that can be performed in the laboratory and with the tools that you use yourself. If you do not watch from the beginning, can occur interference of the veins at veins in the brain, eyes, heart, kidneys, and on the feet. In addition, people with diabetes are also very easily infected in the lungs, teeth, and gums and urinary tract.
Symptoms or signs of diabetes that commonly occur are:
- Often feel thirsty
- Increased frequency of urination
- Weight loss
- Impaired vision
- Healing old wounds
Diabetes can usually be controlled with a diet low in sugar, medication, or regular insulin injections. Nevertheless, diabetes mellitus over time can lead to complications such as blindness and stroke.