Sleep disorders are at risk for stroke. The cause of stroke can be divided into two types, namely because of the circumstances and risk factors. Circumstances that caused the stroke is due to advanced age, overweight / obesity, smoking, heredity and lack of exercise.
Advanced age is also a risk factor for cause of stroke other than lifestyle and unhealthy eating patterns. Consuming foods with high levels of cholesterol and high fat is a major factor for stroke at a young age. Paced lifestyle Instant like fast food is unhealthy lifestyles and increase the risk of stroke.
Sleep disturbance is one of the most common complaints in patients who visit the doctor. The prevalence of sleep disorders tends to increase every year, it is also in accordance with the increase in age and other causes. Research shows that sleep disturbances increase the incidence of various diseases cardio-serebrovaskular. This is mainly due to impairment of breathing during sleep (sleep disorder breathing).
Breathing disorders during sleep
There are two kinds of patterns of breathing disorders during sleep are hypoapnea and apnea. Hypoapnea characterized by narrowing of the airways for more than 10 seconds and a decline in oxygen saturation. While sleep apnea is characterized by narrowing of the airways for more than 10 seconds and a decline in oxygen saturation. There are three types of sleep apnea is central sleep apnea, upper airway obstructive apnea and mixed forms of both.
Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder that occurs during sleep, which lasted for more than 10 seconds. It said if the pathological sleep apnea patients experience episodes of apnea at least five times in one hour or 30 episodes of apnea during the night. During this periodic, chest and abdominal wall movement is dominant.
Central apnea often occurs in the elderly, characterized by intermittent respiratory capacity decreased due to decreased oxygen saturation. Central apnea is characterized by cessation of airflow and respiratory effort periodically during sleep, so the movement of the chest and abdominal wall disappeared. It is possible damage to the brain stem or hypercapnia.
Respiratory illness (upper airway obstructive) during sleep characterized by an increase in breathing during apnea, increased effort chest muscles and abdominal wall with the aim of forcing air in through the obstruction. This disorder is more severe when the REM phase. Respiratory illness is characterized by breath gasping or snoring during sleep. Snoring is a lasts 3-6 times sound and then disappear and recur every 20-50 seconds.
Attacks apnea when patients do not snore. As a result of hypoxia or hipercapnea, causing more active respiration are activated by the reticular formation and the medullary respiratory center, with the result that the patient is awake and respiration returned to normal reflexes. Either the central or obstructive apnea, patients often wake up repeatedly during the night, which is sometimes difficult to get back to sleep.
This disorder is often characterized by headache or feeling unwell in the morning. In children are often associated with congenital airway disorders. In adults airway obstruction septal defect, hypothyroidism, or bradycardia, heart problems, hypertension, and stroke.
OSA (Obstructive Sleep Apnea) and stroke
Obstructive Sleep disturbance is one of a new risk factor for stroke. The study showed increased risk of stroke in patients with sleep apnea. It is also associated with an increased risk of hypertension in patients with OSA. OSA is often found in people with stroke who survive. More and more evidence has shown the existence of a causal link between sleep apnea and stroke.
Excessive fatigue during the day associated with sleep apnea can affect the results of post-stroke recovery. Excessive fatigue during the day can reduce the ability and motivation to continue exercising stroke recovery program. As a result, the practice of restoration is not done regularly, inhibition of recovery and the results will be much worse.
It is better to prevent than cure. If you can prevent a stroke from the early why take the risk of stroke. Living a healthy lifestyle and eating healthy foods and exercising regularly is a great way to anticipate stroke.