The cause of stroke in young age

Wednesday, February 13th 2013. | Diseases

The cause of stroke in young age. The symptoms of a stroke at first not showing traits or signs that are easy to recognized or be seen, the symptoms of stroke will be identified with the passage of time or the age and symptoms of stroke that felt increasingly felt. Stroke has a stage in the spread of the disease resulting in paralysis on the part of the body organs.

Risk factors for stroke

Hypertension; Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a major risk factor that causes hardening and clogging arteries. Patients with hypertension have a higher stroke risk factors than those without hypertension and stroke patients have hypertension before stroke.

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The impact of hypertension on the overall risk of stroke declines with age, the elderly, other factors beyond hypertension play a larger role on the risk of stroke. In people who do not suffer from hypertension, stroke risk increased steadily until the age of 90, equaling the risk of stroke in people with hypertension.

Heart disease; Heart disease, especially a disease called atrial fibrillation, the heart disease with an irregular heartbeat in the left ventricle. Heart rate in the left atrium was reached four times faster than in other parts of the heart. This causes irregular blood flow and incidentally the formation of blood clots. Clumps is then able to reach the brain and cause a stroke.

Other heart disease is the defect in the form of heart valve (mitral valve stenosis or mitral valve calcification). Also defects in the form of heart muscle, such as PFO (patent foramen ovale) or hole in the heart wall that separates the two upper chambers. Naturally, the blood clots normally filtered in the lungs, but because of the holes, the blood clot can pass the walls of the heart so that is not through the lungs but directly to the vessels in the brain so that causing a stroke.

Other heart valve defects are ASA (atrial septal aneurysm) or a form of congenital defects (since birth) in cardiac tissue, which inflate the heart wall towards one of the heart chambers. PFO and ASA often occur together that increase the risk of stroke.

Still there are two forms of heart defects appears to increase the risk of stroke with no obvious cause. The first is the enlargement of the left atrial-left cardiac chambers larger than normal size-so that the heart rhythm becomes limp. Others are left ventricular hypertrophy, in which the wall of the left ventricle thicker so less elastic blood pumping.

Furthermore, other factors may occur in implementation of cardiac surgery that seeks to improve the shape of a heart defect or heart disease. Unexpectedly, the plaque can be detached from the wall of the aorta (aortic trunks), then drifted with the flow of blood to the neck and to the brain which then causes a stroke.

Diabetes; People with diabetes have a threefold risk of stroke and reached the highest level at the age of 50-60 years. After that, the risk will be reduced. However, there are other factors that can increase the risk of stroke because diabetics in general also suffer from hypertension.

Levels of blood cholesterol; Research shows that a diet rich in saturated fats and cholesterol, such as meat, eggs, and dairy products may increase cholesterol levels in the body and affect the risk of atherosclerosis and thickening of the vein. Cholesterol levels below 200 mg / dl are considered safe, while above 240 mg / dl is dangerous and puts a person at risk for heart disease and stroke.

Improve cholesterol levels with a healthy diet and regular exercise can reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and stroke. In some cases, your doctor may give you medication to lower cholesterol.

Smoking; Smoking is a risk factor for stroke is actually the most easily changed. Heavy smokers face a greater risk than light smokers. Smoking nearly doubles the risk of ischemic stroke, regardless of other risk factors, and may also increase the risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Smoking is the leading cause of stroke, which is more common in young adults than middle-aged or older. Indeed, the risk of stroke decreases after quitting smoking immediately and clearly visible in the period 2-4 years after quitting smoking. Please note that smoking triggers production of fibrinogen (blood clotting factors) that stimulate the emergence of more atherosclerosis.

In smoker patients, the damage caused by stroke is much more serious because the inner wall (endothelial) in the vascular system of the brain (cerebrovascular disease) is usually weak. This causes even greater damage to the brain as a result of a stroke when the second stage.

Injuries of the head and neck; Injury to the head or traumatic brain injury can cause bleeding in the brain and cause the same damage as the hemorrhagic stroke. Injury to the neck, when associated with backbone tearing or due to stretching of the carotid artery or cervical screening or excessive pressure on the artery is a cause of stroke is quite a role, especially in the young adult age.

Infection; Infections virus or bacterial can join with other risk factors and establish the risk of stroke.┬áNaturally, the body’s immune system to fight against infections usually in the form of increased inflammation and the deterrence nature of infection in the blood. Unfortunately, this also increases the immune response in the blood clotting factors that trigger-embolic ischemic stroke risk.

The cause of stroke in young age

As we know, stroke is a disease that can not guess when it happens, but the stroke is a disease that can be estimated and can be prevented by controlling risk factors.

Stroke risk factors were divided into two risk factors that can be cured and the risk factors that can not be cured such as age, race, and genetic predisposition. Risk factors that can be cured include: high blood pressure (hypertension), cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia), overweight (obesity), diabetes, and heart disease.

Other risk factors include the use of oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy, and pregnancy. A person can reduce the chance of stroke if he can manage that risk factors can be modified. For those of you who have never had a stroke before, managing the risk factors that can still be in this modification will also reduce your chances of subsequent stroke.

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