The cause and how to handling of gallstones

Tuesday, January 15th 2013. | Diseases

Handling of gallstones

The cause and how to handling of gallstones | dmatxi.com. In this article we will discuss about how to handling of gallstones. Disease that has typical symptoms of heartburn is caused due to inflammation of the gall bladder. Gallstones are shaped like crystals, with variations in the size of a grain of sand to larger than a golf ball. If further analysis of gallbladder stones composed of cholesterol stones and pigment stones.

Gallstones that obstruct the cystic duct, the duct that connects the gallbladder to the bile duct center, can cause pain and sometimes inflammation. The pain is usually sudden and lasts for several hours. If it appears ongoing pain in the upper abdomen, consult a doctor about this abdominal pain. Through the abdominal ultrasound examination can be determined whether there is inflammation, either acute or chronic gallbladder.

Symptoms of gallstones, how to handling of gallstones, cause of gallstones, Diagnosis of gallstones

Symptoms of gallstones

Symptoms caused in most cases, gallstones do not cause symptoms. If there are symptoms, usually due to gallstones block the bile duct, causing what is called biliary colic. In these conditions, you will feel severe pain in the upper right abdomen, which may spread to the shoulder blade, shoulder and chest. The pain is usually accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Symptoms of biliary colic may be relieved by walking or keep turning the body with different positions in bed. The pain can be stop of a sudden, when gallstones rupture or gall bladder was too tired to keep pressing.

Chronic obstruction of gallstones can cause jaundice. Bile to digest food scarcity causes symptoms of abdominal pain accompanied by skin and whites of the eyes yellowish. Urine and feces will be brown. Belching, nausea, pain, and discomfort in the upper right abdomen is felt especially after eating fats and certain vegetables such as cabbage, spinach, eggs, or chocolate.

Gallstones increase the risk of infection. When that happens, the typical symptoms of high fever infection will emerge, which may be accompanied by jaundice. Infection can occur in the gall bladder (cholecystitis), bile duct (cholangitis), blood (sepsis), or pancreas (pancreatitis).

The cause of gallstones

Things that cause gallstones. Most gallstones are formed from cholesterol. Cholesterol liquid sometimes appears in the gallbladder, and bile ducts in normal conditions. However, cholesterol can be a saturated liquid when too much cholesterol or too little bile acids. It allows cholesterol to crystallize and agglomerate into gallstones.

Diagnosis of gallstones

How the diagnosis of gallstones. Most gallstones are discovered incidentally by abdominal ultrasound or X-ray examination. They are called silent stones who showed no symptoms. Better if can be prevented rather than treated. Prevention of cholesterol gallstones is feasible due to ursodiol, bile acid drugs that dissolve some cholesterol gallstones, also prevent them from forming.

The difficulty is identifying a group of individuals at high risk for developing cholesterol gallstones during a relatively short period of time so that the duration of preventive care may be limited. One group of this kind is that overweight individuals who lose weight quickly with diet that is low in calories or with surgery.

Handling of gallstones

Most people with gallstones have no signs or symptoms and are unaware. Gallstones they are often found when the results of these tests (eg, ultrasound or X-rays of the abdomen) is performed when evaluating medical conditions. Gallstones can be treated with medication. In addition to combat colic and acute pain, drugs can also be used to break up gallstones. Treatment requires at least 6 to 12 months. The use of drugs is recommended if symptoms are mild and small stones or surgery is considered too risky.

Gallstones can also be corrected with surgery. Patients with gallstones may be very disturbing to have surgery to remove the gall bladder. Surgery can be performed openly (cholecystectomy open) or closed (laparoscopic cholecystectomy). If you already have gallstones, you should limit fatty foods and increase fiber, because fiber can prevent the further formation of gallstones, may be useful.