Causes and how to cope with sensitive teeth

Care for sensitive teeth

How to cope with sensitive teeth | In this article will discuss about sensitive teeth. Sensitive teeth is a condition in which the tooth react to food or drink hot, sweet or sour. If you have sensitive teeth, drink a cold soda or eating chocolate can cause sudden severe pain in your teeth. Felt a sharp pain, such as electric shock and usually only lasts a few seconds.

Sensitive teeth is a general term used to indicate the presence of hypersensitive dentine due to depletion of the enamel, dentin and the opening of the gum drop, a layer below the enamel. Pain associated with tooth sensitivity occurs in the nerve, the pain of sensitive teeth is not always permanent, and while there is a temporary but periodic. Pain may not stop is a sign of more serious problems.

how to cope with sensitive teeth, Causes of sensitive teeth, Prevention of tooth sensitivity

Causes of sensitive teeth

Sensitive teeth are caused by the depletion layer email on our teeth reduced. Teeth are formed from the dental pulp, the living tissue that contains veins and nerves, which is the largest structure of dentine tissue and tooth enamel, the outer layer is very hard.

Under normal conditions, the dentine is covered by email or gums. Dentin has small pores (called tubules) on its surface which leads to the pulp that has a lot of nerve. If a tooth is worn or eroded gums, dentin can be stimulated by the food hot / cold, sweet, or sour. Stimulus is passed through the dentin tubules to the dental nerves, triggering pain.

Email depletion is mainly caused by poor eating habits. Email suffered when in contact with the acid demineralized, for example, soft drinks (with or without sugar), tomatoes and oranges. Very sweet foods also promote bacterial activity, which then produce acids and exacerbate the problem. Mechanical stresses such as bruxism (teeth grinding during sleep) or brushing with a whitening toothpaste that is too aggressive can also damage the email.

From the results of the study, patients with large pressure / excess when brushing your teeth. Tooth brushing habits with excess pressure can make the gum irritation or tooth gum from the neck down, over time the roots of the teeth will be open (gingival recession), neck cavities, enamel layer thickness would be reduced so that when drinking cold water, sour / sweet or even toothbrush bristles touched will feel pain.

Oral hygiene / poor state of oral cavity, the buildup of tartar or plaque, which is home to bacteria in the oral cavity. Gradually tartar can irritate the gums causing the gums will bleed easily, there is also bad breath is not fresh. Enamel formation is less than perfect (enamel hypoplasia) may also occur in certain individuals. This situation will also make the teeth become sensitive.

Food impaction / buildup of food debris in the area meeting teeth with teeth / tooth contact. Leftover food is infiltrating through the neck of the tooth and difficult to reach a toothbrush so it will be difficult to remove, over time the accumulation would more and more, pressing the gum pockets deeper than normal.

Broadly speaking, the cause of sensitive teeth is:

  • Decrease in the gums.
  • Poor oral hygiene (OH -).
  • Bleaching (teeth whitening).
  • Erosion of tooth enamel.
  • Brushing your teeth too strong.

Prevention of tooth sensitivity

To prevent the teeth become sensitive, the key is to reduce excess pressure when brushing your teeth, use a toothbrush with the type that is not hard bristle brush and brush your teeth the right way. Using a special toothpaste for sensitive teeth, teeth checked regularly to the dentist, try not to drink / eat hot and cold at the same time.

Treatment of sensitive teeth

  • Eliminating bad habits brush with excess pressure.
  • Brush your teeth in a way and the right time.
  • Wearing types of toothbrush bristles are soft, do not use a bristle brush that has been damaged.
  • Using toothpaste that contains strontium chloride / potassium nitrate / fluoride or rinse his mouth with a mouthwash containing substances above.
  • In the open state of the tooth root / hole in the neck has incurred dental fillings should be done.
  • In the case of thin tooth enamel (enamel hypoplasia) made plain jacket crown.
  • Using the compound oxalate or with bonding agent to cover the dentin tubule.

With so many cases it is proper for patients who have similar complaints, always watching the steps that have been described.

Use a special toothpaste for sensitive teeth. Change your toothpaste to control plaque and whiten your teeth with special toothpaste sensitive teeth. This particular toothpaste has an active substance such as potassium nitrate, citrate or oxalate which helps inhibit the sensation from the tooth surface to the nerves, thereby reducing the pain associated with sensitive teeth.

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