Supplements of vitamin D can prevent rickets in children. Medical experts recommend that all children aged between 6 months and 5 years are given vitamin D supplements to prevent rickets, especially during the rainy season. They identified at risk because of the lifestyle, especially the less healthy food choices like fast food and soft drinks.
Rickets is a disease that causes bones to become soft and weak. In some extreme cases, the disease can lead to fractures and bone deformities such as crooked legs and a curved spine. Osteomalacia is the term used to describe a similar condition occurring in adults, generally due to lack of vitamin D.
Those at high risk for developing rickets:
- Nursing infants whose mothers are not exposed to sunlight
- Nursing infants are not exposed to sunlight
- Infants who were black
- Individuals do not consume milk, such as those who are lactose intolerant
People with red hair have been speculated to have a reduced risk of rickets due to production vitamin D are greater than vitamin D in sunlight.
Cause of rickets
The main cause of rickets is vitamin D deficiency, but lack of adequate calcium in the diet may also lead to rickets (cases of severe diarrhea and vomiting can also be a cause of deficiency). Although it can occur in adults, most cases occur in children suffering from severe malnutrition, usually resulting from hungry or starvation during the early stages of childhood.
Rickets are most likely to occur during periods of rapid growth, when the body demands high levels of calcium and phosphate. Rickets can be seen in children 6 to 24 months and rarely in newborns.
This suggestion is made after realizing the dramatic increase in the number of cases of this disease. Rickets can happen to children who lack of sunlight in the long run. This could be caused by habits of children are always playing games or watching television at home.
Children should get vitamin from sunlight. Vitamin D supplementation is not recommended for everyone because there are people who have been getting enough of this vitamin from food or sunlight.
Vitamin D is not easy to come by, but is now available in tablet form. People receive vitamin D from a chemical process that happens when sunlight is absorbed by the skin. Vitamin D is also found naturally in oily fish, egg yolk and liver.
Rickets appeared in epidemic form in temperate zones where pollution from factories block ultraviolet rays from the sun. Thus, rickets may be the first child illness caused by environmental pollution.