Disorders of the nervous system in people with HIV / AIDS. HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus that causes damage / weakening of the human immune system. The HIV virus needs our immune cells to proliferate. Naturally our immune cells will be utilized. So that eventually immune cells depleted and the virus became very much.
In addition to attacking the immune system, the HIV virus can also interfere with the human central nervous system. This disorder can be caused by the HIV virus itself, or there is a bacterial or fungal infection that attacks the brain organ. Due to the severe damage to the immune system, then body has no way to fight infectious microorganisms are actually harmless to normal people.
Research suggests HIV-AIDS sufferers experience mild symptoms related to severe nervous system disorders. These symptoms include impaired concentration, memory loss, or dementia. Further examination such as CT scan or MRI should be done in patients who have disorders of the nervous system to determine the cause of the disorder is experienced.
Besides attacking the central nervous system, the virus can also interfere with the peripheral nervous system. Peripheral nervous system disorders also may be mild or severe. Numbness in limbs, pain or a burning sensation is a symptom of peripheral nervous system disorders are common in people with HIV-AIDS.
Treatment of HIV-AIDS
Today many discoveries in the field of medicine that deals with the treatment of HIV, but there is no cure for HIV infection in healing completely. Antiretroviral drugs are used to inhibit the replication of the HIV virus in the body, but these drugs can not destroy all of the HIV virus. It takes a high adherence to medication so that it will work as expected.
Antiretroviral drugs reduce the incidence of these disorders of the nervous system in people with HIV, but not all abnormalities in patients with HIV-AIDS can be overcome by antiretroviral drugs. In some cases a more thorough treatment is needed to cope with abnormalities in the central nervous system.
The presence of central nervous system disorders in patients with HIV generally indicates that the patient has been in a phase of severe illness. Early detection of HIV infection through blood tests is one of the cornerstones in the management of HIV. When HIV infection has been caught early, it can be done several ways to inhibit or slow the course of HIV disease not to develop in ways that endanger lives.
HIV / AIDS Prevention
Prevention of HIV infection that primarily is to have a healthy lifestyle. HIV disease is generally transmitted through contact with infected blood or vertically from mother to child. If you have risk factors for HIV infection, the HIV test examination is the next step you should do.