How cleaning plaque and tartar on teeth
Plaque and tartar
How cleaning plaque and tartar on teeth. White teeth and clean is everyone’s dream. Therefore it is necessary that maximum care to stay healthy. However, some people have dental problems called tartar.
Tartar is an accumulation of plaque (semitransparent layer a polysaccharide on the teeth), bacteria and pellicle (a thin layer of salivary proteins that attach to the tooth surface after cleaning teeth optimally).
Consistency tartar becomes hard because and plaque pellicle undergo mineralization, making it very difficult to remove by mechanical cleaning with a toothbrush.
Plaque is a soft and sticky coating on the teeth consisting of proteins and bacteria. Plaque consists of bacteria from saliva. Plaque formed immediately after you finish brushing. Within 48 hours after its formation, plaque begins to harden by calcium, phosphorus, and other minerals from saliva, into tartar.
How to deal with tartar must go through treatment by a Dentist, because it could not be done arbitrarily by the patient himself. Tartar cleaning should follow the anatomy of teeth, move the tool to clean the tartar also should not be arbitrary. If done not according to the procedure will hurt your gums and make the tooth enamel becomes thinner.
Dentists will use specialized tools to clean the tartar, that is scaler. There are 3 kinds of scaler, ie manual, supersonic and ultrasonic. Now more popularly used ultrasonic scaler, as it faster, easier, and minimize pain during tartar cleaning.
Many lay people opinion can tartar be removed through the use of cloves, tamarind seeds, and so on. All of this less precise, because the material is not eliminate tartar, but only acts as an antiseptic in the oral cavity.
Tartar itself is not dangerous, but it has a very rough surface where the bacteria can be easily attached to the surface. This rough surface into a colony of bacteria that cause a variety of problems, such as gum inflammation (gingivitis / periodontitis), tooth decay (caries) and bad breath (halitosis).
Tartar is also a cosmetic problem because it makes your teeth yellow or brown. Tartar is more porous than the enamel making it easy to change the color. If you smoke or drink coffee or tea often, your teeth are exposed tartar will change color to brown or black.
Way to clean plaque on teeth
The best way to remove plaque is by brushing (especially at night and early morning), with interdental cleaning by dental floss, toothpick or brush between the teeth. Dental plaque is hardly visible because it was white, the same color as teeth. Plaques can be made visible with a special dye liquid. The materials that can help you discover areas that need more care when cleaning teeth.
Take the dye and let it on your tongue. Move your tongue to the surface of your teeth. Gargle until the water is no longer colored. Sections were stained teeth is plaque. Give more care when cleaning your teeth.
How tartar cleaning the teeth
Tartar has formed normally only be removed by a dentist. Your dentist will use a combination of high pressure water and cleaning tools to remove the tartar. Dentists use a tool called a scaler to clean tartar manually or electronically. If tartar with severe gum disease, patients may be referred to a specialist periodontist for cleaning and maintenance further.