Prevent blood clots
Prevention is the key to the formation of thrombosis or clot.
- For arterial thrombosis, the most likely accelerate the break-up of plaque in the arteries with clot formation.
- Reduce the risk of vascular disease requires lifelong attention to the risk factors that lead to the formation of plaque and hardening of the arteries.
- Control blood pressure and cholesterol, control diabetes, and not smoking are all shrink away artery disease risk.
- While family history is an important risk factor, one needs even more vigilant about other risk factors if there is a family history of premature heart attack or stroke.
Deep vein thrombosis
The main risk factors for deep vein thrombosis risk is immobility (immobilization). It is important to move on a regular basis so that blood can circulate in the venous system. On long trips, it is recommended to get out of the car every few hours and the plane flew up and stretch regularly.
Doctors and nurses work hard to make moving patients after surgery or in hospital. Patients are often given tight stockings to help return blood from the legs and prevent the pooling of blood.
Caring for blood clots
Venous blood clots; venous thrombosis in the legs may occur on the surface of the deep venous system (superficial) or inside (deep). Clots in the superficial system is often treated with compress symptomatik warm because there is no risk for clots in superficial veins to move flows into the lungs. They are connected to the system in the perforator veins that have a valve that works like a sieve to filter and prevent any clots leading to the lungs.
Blood clots below the knee at lower risk for embolization in the lungs, and an alternative to the anti-coagulation treatment was examination ultrasound successively to monitor clot to see if it be great or be reabsorbed by the body.
Pulmonary embolism is treated as in deep venous thrombosis, but depending on the severity of symptoms, the number of clot formation and the underlying health of the patient, inpatient care in a hospital for treatment and observation may be necessary. This is especially the case if the compromised lung function and patients experiencing shortness of breath or hypoxia, or low oxygen levels in the blood.
Arterial blood clots; arterial blood clots is often controlled (treated) more aggressively. Surgery may be attempted to remove clots, or drugs may be administered directly into the clot to try to solve it.
This is the same approach used for a heart attack. If possible, cardiac catheterization was performed to localize the blocked vein and the balloon is used to open the blocked area, restore blood flow, and placing a stent to keep it open. It is a procedure that is time sensitive and if no hospital is available to perform this procedure on an emergency basis. Blood clots may be aggressively treated or may not require anything more than symptomatik care.