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Things that can cause blood clots

Things that can cause blood clots – dmatxi.com. Blood is a liquid that flows within veins. He is always in motion when the heart pumps blood through arteries to the different organs and cells of the body are different. The blood is returned to the heart by the veins. Pressured veins when the muscles in the body contract and push blood back to the heart.

Blood clots is an important mechanism to help repair veins are injured. Blood consists of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and blood plasma. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin which carries oxygen to the cells and remove carbon dioxide.

Function of white blood cells to fight infection. Platelets are a part of the clotting process of the body. Blood plasma, which contains fluid, chemicals and proteins are essential for body functions.

Complex mechanisms occur in the flow of blood to form clots in which they are needed. If the lining of the veins were injured, the platelets are recruited to the injured area to form the initial blockage. Platelets are activated it releases chemicals that start the clotting cascade, using a series of clotting factors produced by the body. Finally, fibrin is formed, protein cross itself to form the mesh that forms blood clots that end.

The medical term for a blood clot is a thrombus (plural = thrombi). When the thrombus formed as part of the normal repair process of the body, there was a minor consequence. Unfortunately, there are times when a thrombus (blood clots) is formed where it is needed, and this can have potentially significant consequences.

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Causes of blood clots

Venous thrombosis; venous thrombosis is a blood clots in a vein that occurs when a person becomes paralyzed and muscles will not contract to push blood back to the heart. Blood stagnant (impasse) began to form small clumps along the wall of the vein. Clots can start gradually grown to tie up some or all of or obstruct the veins and prevent blood back to the heart.

Arterial thrombi; arterial thrombi (blood clots in the arteries) occurs by a different mechanism. For those with atherosclerotic disease, plaque deposits form in the lining of the arteries and vessels constrict growth. It is a disease process that may lead to heart attack, stroke, or peripheral artery disease. If plaque torn (ruptured), blood clots can form on the site and can jam up in full or partial blood flow at that point.

Blood clots in the heart; In atrial fibrillation, the atria or upper chambers of the heart does not beat in an organized manner (regular). Instead, he was shaken, and the blood tends to stagnate (flooded) along the wall of the atrium. Over time, this may lead to the formation of small blood clots.

Clots can also form in the ventricle after a heart attack when part of the heart muscle is injured and unable to contract normally. Due to the damaged area does not contract with all the heart, blood can begin to gather or get stuck, leading to clot formation.

Blood leaks out of veins; Clots can form when blood leaks out of veins. It’s very rewarding when someone gets cuts or scratches, because clots that help stop bleeding at the site of the wound further. Clotting mechanism works well too after trauma. Broken bones, sprains, and nosebleeds, all resulting in bleeding that is controlled by the blood clotting mechanism.

Blood clots that cause other medical problems. Sometimes, normal blood clots can lead to medical problems because of its location. For example, if bleeding occurs in the urine of diversity any reason (such as infection, trauma, or tumor) can form clots and prevent bladder emptying, causing urine containment.

Clot formation in the womb (uterus) may cause pain when the clot removed through the neck of the womb and can lead to bleeding, as part of the period or as abnormal bleeding (menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea).

Blood clots form when there is damage to the lining of veins, arteries or veins. The damage may be obvious, such as laceration, or may occur at the microscopic level. As well, blood will begin to clot if it stops moving and becomes stagnant (impasse). Prevention is the key to the formation of thrombosis or blood clots.

Prevent and caring blood clots

Prevent blood clots

Prevention is the key to the formation of thrombosis or clot.

Arterial thrombosis

  • For arterial thrombosis, the most likely accelerate the break-up of plaque in the arteries with clot formation.
  • Reduce the risk of vascular disease requires lifelong attention to the risk factors that lead to the formation of plaque and hardening of the arteries.
  • Control blood pressure and cholesterol, control diabetes, and not smoking are all shrink away artery disease risk.
  • While family history is an important risk factor, one needs even more vigilant about other risk factors if there is a family history of premature heart attack or stroke.

Deep vein thrombosis

The main risk factors for deep vein thrombosis risk is immobility (immobilization). It is important to move on a regular basis so that blood can circulate in the venous system. On long trips, it is recommended to get out of the car every few hours and the plane flew up and stretch regularly.

Doctors and nurses work hard to make moving patients after surgery or in hospital. Patients are often given tight stockings to help return blood from the legs and prevent the pooling of blood.

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Caring for blood clots

Venous blood clots; venous thrombosis in the legs may occur on the surface of the deep venous system (superficial) or inside (deep). Clots in the superficial system is often treated with compress symptomatik warm because there is no risk for clots in superficial veins to move flows into the lungs. They are connected to the system in the perforator veins that have a valve that works like a sieve to filter and prevent any clots leading to the lungs.

Blood clots below the knee at lower risk for embolization in the lungs, and an alternative to the anti-coagulation treatment was examination ultrasound successively to monitor clot to see if it be great or be reabsorbed by the body.

Pulmonary embolism is treated as in deep venous thrombosis, but depending on the severity of symptoms, the number of clot formation and the underlying health of the patient, inpatient care in a hospital for treatment and observation may be necessary. This is especially the case if the compromised lung function and patients experiencing shortness of breath or hypoxia, or low oxygen levels in the blood.

Arterial blood clots; arterial blood clots is often controlled (treated) more aggressively. Surgery may be attempted to remove clots, or drugs may be administered directly into the clot to try to solve it.

This is the same approach used for a heart attack. If possible, cardiac catheterization was performed to localize the blocked vein and the balloon is used to open the blocked area, restore blood flow, and placing a stent to keep it open. It is a procedure that is time sensitive and if no hospital is available to perform this procedure on an emergency basis. Blood clots may be aggressively treated or may not require anything more than symptomatik care.

Exercise can lower blood pressure or hypertension


Exercise can lower blood pressure or hypertension | dmatxi.com. High blood pressure or hypertension is an abnormal increase in blood pressure in the arteries. Hypertension is a chronic disease most often found. A person considered to be suffering from hypertension when repeated examination his blood pressure exceeds 140/90 mm ??Hg. On examination the blood pressure will get two points. Higher figure obtained when the heart contracts (systolic), a lower number obtained when the heart relaxes (diastolic).
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